Agriculture in Nigeria is a branch of the economy in Nigeria, providing employment for about 30% of the population as of 2010. The sector is being transformed by commercialization at the small, medium and large-scale enterprise levels.
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Major crops include beans rice, sesame, cashew nuts, cassava, cocoa beans, groundnuts, gum arabic, kolanut, maize (corn), melon, millet, palm kernels, palm oil, plantains, rice, rubber, sorghum, soybeans, bananas and yams are produced.
In the past, Nigeria was famous for the export of groundnut and palm kernel oil. But over the years the rate of export of this produce has reduced. A few years back local Nigerian companies has commenced exporting groundnuts, cashew nuts, sesame seeds, moringa seeds, Ginger, cocoa etc.
The country’s agricultural products fall into two main groups: food crops produced for home consumption, and exports. Prior to the Nigerian civil war, the country was self-sufficient in food, but increased steeply after 1973. Bread made from American wheat replaced domestic crops as the cheapest staple food.
Between 1980 and 2016, Yam production increased from more than 5 million tonnes to 44 million tonnes.
Cocoa is the leading non-oil foreign exchange earner but the dominance of smallholders and lack of farm labour due to urbanization hold back production. In 1969, Nigeria produced 145,000 tons of cocoa beans, but has the potential for over 300,000 per year. For more productivity, Nigerian Government should give more incentives to cocoa farmers
Rubber is the second-largest non-oil foreign exchange earner.
The palms industry constitutes a significant sector of the Nigerian economy, providing food and raw materials for the Food, Cosmetics, Pharmaceuticals, Plastics and the Bio-energy industries. In Nigeria the institute that has valuable information about oil palm is the Nigerian Institute for Oil Palm Research. The formal mandate of the institute is to conduct research into the production and products of oil palm and other palms of economic importance and transfer its research findings to farmers.
Why all Nigerians should go into Agriculture
Crude oil pours out 85% of government revenue and Nigeria largest and main exports since full scale production of crude oil began in 1958, the rate of agriculture products and exports begin to decline.
Agriculture was Nigeria largest and main exports of Nigeria but now agriculture is now neglected and there by developing a mono – economy as Nigeria rely solely on crude oil as the major source of revenue.
Other countries without fertile land waste millions of dollars to make their land fertile but Nigeria is blessed with it and don’t value it.
Nigerians should go into agriculture again to build the economy again and reduced the rate of importation again.
Importation of agricultural products is one of the most stupid act by Nigerians instead of investing it in our soil so we can export them some rather choose to import. Nigeria government should encourage agriculture and the President of Nigeria is working on that as he closes the border for months now and he is encouraging and pushing Nigerians into agriculture.
Reference: Wikipedia: Agriculture in Nigeria