Here are the top ten greatest scientist, they are known for their great inventions and discoveries which have changed the world.
10. Leonardo da Vinci(14/15 April 1452 – 2 May 1519)
Leonardo di ser Piero da Vinci was an Italian polymath of the Renaissance whose areas of interest included invention, drawing, painting, sculpting, architecture, science, music, mathematics, engineering, literature, anatomy, geology, astronomy, botany, writing, history, and cartography. He has been variously called the father of palaeontology, ichnology , and architecture, and he is widely considered one of the greatest painters of all time.Leonardo is renowned primarily as a painter. The Mona Lisa is the most famous of his works and the most parodied portrait, and The Last Supper is the most reproduced religious painting of all time. His drawing of the Vitruvian Man is also regarded as a cultural icon, being reproduced on items.
9. Michael Faraday (22 September 1791 – 25 August 1867)
Micheal Faraday was an English scientist who contributed to the study of electromagnetism and electrochemistry. His main discoveries include the principles underlying electromagnetic induction , diamagnetism and electrolysis .He was one of the most influential scientists in history, it was largely due to his efforts that electricity became practical for use in technology.
8. Thomas Edison (February 11, 1847 – October 18, 1931)Thomas
Edison was an American inventor and businessman, who has been described as America’s greatest inventor. He developed many devices in fields such as electric power generation , mass communication , sound recording , and motion pictures. These inventions, which include the phonograph , the motion picture camera , and the long-lasting, practical electric light bulb , had a widespread impact on the modern industrialized world .He was one of the first inventors to apply the principles of organized science and teamwork to the process of invention, working with many researchers and employees. He established the first industrial research laboratory .
7. Louis Pasteur (December 27, 1822 – September 28, 1895)Louis Pasteur was a French biologist , microbiologist and chemist renowned for his discoveries of the principles of vaccination, microbial fermentation and pasteurization . He is remembered for his remarkable breakthroughs in the causes and prevention of diseases, and his discoveries have saved many lives ever since. He reduced mortality from puerperal fever , and created the first vaccines for rabies and anthrax.Louis Pasteur is also popularly known as the “father of microbiology”.His discoveries saved millions of people worldwide. Even today his contributions save millions of people. Apart from his discoveries on disease prevention, he is better known for a technique of treating milk and wine known as pasteurization.
6. Nikola Tesla (10 July 1856 – 7 January 1943))Nikola Tesla was a Serbian-American inventor , electrical engineer , mechanical engineer , and futurist who is best known for his contributions to the design of the modern alternating current (AC) electricity supply system.Tesla conducted a range of experiments with mechanical oscillators/generators, electrical discharge tubes, and early X-ray imaging. He also built a wireless-controlled boat, one of the first ever exhibited. Tesla became well known as an inventor and would demonstrate his achievements to celebrities and wealthy patrons at his lab, and was noted for his showmanship at public lectures.
5. Aristotle (382BC-322BC)
Aristotle was a Greek philosopher during the Classical period in Ancient Greece, the founder of the Lyceum and the Peripatetic school of philosophy and Aristotelian tradition.His writings cover many subjects – including physics, biology , zoology , metaphysics , logic, ethics, aesthetics, poetry , theatre, music, rhetoric, psychology, linguistics , economics , politics and government. He Along with his teacher Plato, he has been called the “Father of Western Philosophy” along with his teacher Plato.
4. Marie Curie (1867-1934)
Marie Curie was a Polish and naturalized-French physicist and chemist who conducted pioneering research on radioactivity . She was the first woman to win a Nobel Prize , the first person and only woman to win the Nobel prize twice , and the only person to win the Nobel Prize in two different scientific fields. She was part of the Curie family legacy of five Nobel Prizes.She was also the first woman to become a professor at the University of Paris , and in 1995 became the first woman to be entombed on her own merits in the Panthéon in Paris.
She is known for Known for the development of radioactivity, the discovery of Polonium and Radium, She died from Aplastic anemia from exposure to radiation.
3.Galileo Galilei (1564-1642)Galileo Galilei was an Italian astronomer, physicist and engineer , sometimes described as a polymath. Galileo has been called the “father of observational astronomy “, the “father of modern physics“, the “father of the scientific method “, and the “father of modern science “.Galileo studied speed and velocity , gravity and free fall , the principle of relativity , inertia , projectile motion and also worked in applied science and technology, describing the properties of pendulums and ” hydrostatic balances”, inventing the thermoscope and various military compasses , and using the telescope for scientific observations of celestial objects.
2. Sir Isaac Newton (1643-1727)Sir Isaac Newton was an English mathematician, physicist , astronomer, theologian , and author (described in his own day as a ” natural philosopher “) who is widely recognised as one of the most influential scientists of all time, and a key figure in the scientific revolution .He demonstrated that the motion of objects on Earth and celestial bodies, He also formulated an empirical law of cooling , made the first theoretical calculation of the speed of sound , introduced the notion of a Newtonian fluid and much more. He is known for
Newtonian mechanics, Universal gravitation, Calculus, Newton’s laws of motion, Optics, Binomial series Principia and Newton’s method.