Man United vs Watford: Rashford, Martial score as Red Devils secure 2-1 win 7 

Man United vs Watford: Rashford, Martial score as Red Devils secure 2-1 win

– Man United vs Watford ended in a 2-1 win for the Red Devils as Solskjaer’s picked up a win in his first game in charge as permanent manager

– It was Man United first victory in three games after suffering back-to-back defeats against Arsenal in the Premier League and Wolves in the FA Cup

– The victory also helped Red Devils move into the top four on 61 points ahead of Arsenal Marcus Rashford’s 28th minute goal and Anthony Martial’s 72nd minute controversial strike handed Manchester United a 2-1 win against Watford in Ole Gunnar Solskjaer’s first game as the Red Devils permanent manager.

Abdoulaye Doucoure scored a 90th minute goal which ended up being a consolation for Watford who were very competitive in 90 minutes.

The victory also helped Man United move into the top four on 61 points ahead of Arsenal who have a game in hand. Rashford’s goal came against the run of play after intense pressure from visiting Watford in the early period of the game.

The 21-year-old made no mistake from close range after he was played through on goal by Luke Shaw.

Prior to the goal, Watford did all the playing and had the opportunity to take the lead but failed to convert any of their chances. The first half ended 1-0 in favour of Man United.

At the resumption of the second half, Watford searched for all equalizer but were wasteful in goal and found Man United’s goalkeeper David De Gea a hard nut to crack.

With 18 minutes left on the clock, Martial poked home from close range after his shot was blocked by Ben Foster but he managed to scoop the rebound into the back of the net. However, replay shows he was in an offside position before scoring.

But there was going to be a late consolation goal for Watford as Abdoulaye Doucoure played a sweet one-two with Isaac Success then danced through the Man United defence to halve the deficit.

The game ended 2-1 in favour of Man United as they bounced back to winning ways after suffering back-to-back defeats against Arsenal in the Premier League and Wolves in the FA Cup.

Rashford and Martial took their tally to 10 goals in the Premier League this season which means Man United for the first time since 1995/96 season have four players with 10+ goals in a single Premier League season Eric Cantona, Andy Cole, Paul Scholes and Ryan Giggs were the first quartet to do so.

Barcelona vs Espanyol: Lionel Messi’s brace gives the Catalans 2-0 win

Barcelona vs Espanyol: Lionel Messi’s brace gives the Catalans 2-0 win

– Barcelona vs Espanyol’s La Liga game ended 2-0 in favor of the Spanish champions

– Lionel Messi was in superb form for Barcelona scoring the two goals in this match Spanish champions Barcelona on Saturday, March 30, extended their lead on the La Liga standings after beating Espanyol 2-0 at the Nou Camp.

Barcelona were made to go through lots of trouble by their visitors before scoring the winning goals thanks to Lionel Messi.

Espanyol had the first chance to score in the 4th minute when Naldo sent a long ball to Victor Sanchez, but his shot was well saved by goalkeeper Marc Stegen. And five minutes later, Ivan Rakitic brilliantly set up Lionel Messi, but his shot was blocked by defender Mario Hermoso.

Victor Sanchez of Espanyol was presented with a shooting opportunity in the 20th minute only for his strike to be blocked by Gerard Pique as the first half ended goalless.

Barcelona changed their style of play in the second half, but they had to wait till the 71st minute before Lionel Messi scored the opener via a superb free kick.

Espanyol were trying to restore parity towards the end of the match before Malcom provided a stunning assist for Lionel Messi to score another goal in the 89th minute as Barcelona won 2-0.

3 powerful words you should use in your daily life

The way and how we talk to people means a lot, especially strangers or people you are meeting for the first time.

In life no one should be underrated no matter the status, rank or position.

A good Manner of approach means a lot everywhere, like a wise saying “a good character is better than silver and gold”.

Here are five powerful words that should be part of you:

1. Please

This word is so powerful if used wisely, it can soften a stone-hearted person. No matter your position or rank “please” should be your best vocabulary and use it.

The word please actually controls.

2. Am sorry

This word is amazing and can ease a big problem or case, for some people it is so hard to say am sorry, which is wrong. If am sorry can be your watch word , I give you 96% assurance that you will live a problem free life.

Am sorry heals the heart and free the mind.

3. Thank you

In Nigeria this word is so important especially to adults and children, parents try and impact to you children the habit of saying “Thank you, Thanks.

Thank you can be said when given a gift, when helped, when supported etc

Thank you makes one feel you value his or her service,help or generosity.

The Tiger 🐅

The tiger (Panthera tigris) is the largest species among the Felidae and classified in the genus Panthera. It is most recognizable for its dark vertical stripes on reddish-orange fur with a lighter underside.

It is an apex predator, primarily preying on ungulates such as deer and bovids. It is territorial and generally a solitary but social predator, requiring large contiguous areas of habitat, which support its requirements for prey and rearing of its offspring.

Tiger cubs stay with their mother for about two years, before they become independent and leave their mother’s home range to establish their own.

Photo by Zocha K| Getty Images

The tiger once ranged widely from Eastern Anatolia Region in the west to the Amur River basin, and in the south from the foothills of the Himalayas to Bali in the Sunda islands.

Since the early 20th century, tiger populations have lost at least 93% of their historic range and have been extirpated in Western and Central Asia, from the islands of Java and Bali, and in large areas of Southeast and South Asia and China.

Today’s tiger range is fragmented, stretching from Siberian temperate forests to subtropical and tropical forests on the Indian subcontinent and Sumatra.

The tiger is listed as Endangered on the IUCN Red List since 1986. As of 2015, the global wild tiger population was estimated to number between 3,062 and 3,948 mature individuals, down from around 100,000 at the start of the 20th century, with most remaining populations occurring in small pockets isolated from each other.

Major reasons for population decline include habitat destruction, habitat fragmentation and poaching.

This, coupled with the fact that it lives in some of the more densely populated places on Earth, has caused significant conflicts with humans.

The tiger is among the most recognisable and popular of the world’s charismatic megafauna. It featured prominently in ancient mythology and folklore and continues to be depicted in modern films and literature, appearing on many flags, coats of arms and as mascots for sporting teams. The tiger is the national animal of India, Bangladesh, Malaysia and South Korea.

Probable evolution of the tiger

The tiger’s closest living relatives were previously thought to be the Panthera species lion, leopard and jaguar.

Results of genetic analysis indicate that about 2.88 million years ago, the tiger and the snow leopard lineages diverged from the other Panthera species, and that both may be more closely related to each other than to the lion, leopard and jaguar.

P. t. palaeosinensis from the Early Pleistocene of northern China is the most primitive known tiger to date.

Fossil remains of Panthera zdanskyi were excavated in Gansu province of northwestern China.

This species lived at the beginning of the Pleistocene about two million years ago, and is considered to be a sister taxon of the modern tiger. It was about the size of a jaguar and probably had a different coat pattern.

Despite being considered more “primitive”, it was functionally and possibly also ecologically similar to the modern tiger. Northwestern China is thought to be the origin of the tiger lineage.

Tigers grew in size, possibly in response to adaptive radiations of prey species like deer and bovids, which may have occurred in Southeast Asia during the early Pleistocene.

Panthera tigris trinilensis lived about 1.2 million years ago and is known from fossils excavated near Trinil in Java.

The Wanhsien, Ngandong, Trinil and Japanese tigers became extinct in prehistoric times.

Tigers reached India and northern Asia in the late Pleistocene, reaching eastern Beringia, Japan, and Sakhalin. Some fossil skulls are morphologically distinct from lion skulls, which could indicate tiger presence in Alaska during the last glacial period, about 100,000 years ago.

Tiger fossils found in the island of Palawan were smaller than mainland tiger fossils, possibly due to insular dwarfism.

Fossil remains of tigers were also excavated in Sri Lanka, China, Japan, Sarawak dating to the late Pliocene, Pleistocene and Early Holocene.

The Bornean tiger was apparently present in Borneo between the Late Pleistocene and the Holocene, but may have gone extinct in prehistoric times.

The potential tiger range during the Late Pleistocene and Holocene was predicted applying ecological niche modelling based on more than 500 tiger locality records combined with bioclimatic data.

The resulting model shows a contiguous tiger range from southern India to Siberia at the Last Glacial Maximum, indicating an unobstructed gene flow between tiger populations in mainland Asia throughout the Late Pleistocene and Holocene.

The tiger populations on the Sunda Islands and mainland Asia were possibly separated during interglacial periods.

Results of a phylogeographic study indicate that all living tigers had a common ancestor 72,000–108,000 years ago.

The tiger’s full genome sequence was published in 2013. It was found to have similar repeat composition than other cat genomes and an appreciably conserved synteny.


Captive tigers were bred with lions to create hybrids called liger and tigon. They share physical and behavioural qualities of both parent species. Breeding hybrids is now discouraged due to the emphasis on conservation.

The liger is a cross between a male lion and a tigress. Ligers are typically between 10 and 12 ft (3.0 and 3.7 m) in length, and weigh between 800 and 1,000 lb (360 and 450 kg) or more.
Because the lion sire passes on a growth-promoting gene, but the corresponding growth-inhibiting gene from the female tiger is absent, ligers grow far larger than either parent species.

The less common tigon is a cross between a lioness and a male tiger. Because the male tiger does not pass on a growth-promoting gene and the lioness passes on a growth inhibiting gene, tigons are around the same size as their parents.

Some females are fertile and have occasionally given birth to litigons when mated to a male Asiatic lion.

Big cats

The term “big cat” is typically used to refer to any of the five living members of the genus Panthera, namely tiger, lion, jaguar, leopard, and snow leopard. Except the snow leopard, these species are able to roar.

Despite enormous differences in size, various cat species are quite similar in both structure and behaviour, with the exception of the cheetah, which significantly stands out from the other big and small cats.

All cats are carnivores and efficient apex predators.Their range includes the Americas, Africa, and Asia.

The ability to roar comes from an elongated and specially adapted larynx and hyoid apparatus.

When air passes through the larynx on the way from the lungs, the cartilage walls of the larynx vibrate, producing sound.

The lion’s larynx is longest, giving it the most robust roar. The roar in good conditions can be heard 8 or even 10 km away. All five extant members of the genus Panthera contain this elongated hyoid but owing to differences in the larynx the snow leopard cannot roar.

It is estimated that the ancestors of most big cats split away from the Felinae about 6.37 million years ago.

The Felinae, on the other hand, comprises mostly small to medium-sized cats, including the domestic cats, but also some larger cats such as the cougar and cheetah.

Diego Maradona

Full name
Diego Armando Maradona

Date of birth
30 October 1960

Place of birth
Lanús, Buenos Aires, Argentina

1.65 m (5 ft 5 in)

Playing position
Attacking midfielder
Second striker

Current team
Dorados (manager)

Diego Maradona, an Argentine retired professional footballer and current manager of Mexican second division club Dorados. Many in the sport, including football writers, players, and fans, regard him as the greatest football player of all time. He was joint FIFA Player of the 20th Century with Pelé.

Maradona’s vision, passing, ball control and dribbling skills was combined with his small stature (1.65 m or 5 ft 5 in), giving him a low center of gravity which allowed him to maneuver better than most other football players; he would often dribble past multiple opposing players on a run.

His presence and leadership on the field had a great effect on his team’s general performance, while he would often be singled out by the opposition.

A precocious talent, Maradona was given the nickname “El Pibe de Oro” (“The Golden Boy”), a name that stuck with him throughout his career.

Clubs played for during his senior career

Argentinos Juniors
Boca Juniors
Newell’s Old Boys
Boca Juniors


Golf is a club-and-ball sport in which players use various clubs to hit balls into a series of holes on a course in as few strokes as possible.

Golf, unlike most ball games, cannot and does not utilize a standardized playing area, and coping with the varied terrains encountered on different courses is a key part of the game.

The game at the usual level is played on a course with an arranged progression of 18 holes, though recreational courses can be smaller, often having 9 holes.

Each hole on the course must contain a tee box to start from, and a putting green containing the actual hole or cup 4 1⁄4 inches (11 cm) in diameter.

There are other standard forms of terrain in between, such as the fairway, rough (long grass), bunkers (or “sand traps”), and various hazards (water, rocks) but each hole on a course is unique in its specific layout and arrangement.

Golf is played for the lowest number of strokes by an individual, known as stroke play, or the lowest score on the most individual holes in a complete round by an individual or team, known as match play.

Stroke play is the most commonly seen format at all levels, but most especially at the elite level.

The modern game of golf originated in 15th century Scotland. The 18-hole round was created at the Old Course at St Andrews in 1764. Golf’s first major, and the world’s oldest tournament in existence, is The Open Championship, also known as the British Open, which was first played in 1860 in Ayrshire, Scotland.

This is one of the four major championships in men’s professional golf, the other three being played in the United States: The Masters, the U.S. Open, and the PGA Championship.

Brief history of Golf

While the modern game of golf originated in 15th-century Scotland, the game’s ancient origins are unclear and much debated.

Some historians trace the sport back to the Roman game of paganica, in which participants used a bent stick to hit a stuffed leather ball.

One theory asserts that paganica spread throughout Europe as the Romans conquered most of the continent, during the first century BC, and eventually evolved into the modern game.

Others cite chuiwan (“chui” means striking and “wan” means small ball) as the progenitor, a Chinese game played between the eighth and fourteenth centuries.

A Ming Dynasty scroll dating back to 1368 entitled “The Autumn Banquet” shows a member of the Chinese Imperial court swinging what appears to be a golf club at a small ball with the aim of sinking it into a hole.

The game is thought to have been introduced into Europe during the Middle Ages. Another early game that resembled modern golf was known as cambuca in England and chambot in France.

The Persian game chaugán is another possible ancient origin. In addition, kolven (a game involving a ball and curved bats) was played annually in Loenen, Netherlands, beginning in 1297, to commemorate the capture of the assassin of Floris V, a year earlier.

The modern game originated in Scotland, where the first written record of golf is James II’s banning of the game in 1457, as an unwelcome distraction to learning archery.

James IV lifted the ban in 1502 when he became a golfer himself, with golf clubs first recorded in 1503–1504: “For golf clubbes and balles to the King that he playit with”.

To many golfers, the Old Course at St Andrews, a links course dating to before 1574, is considered to be a site of pilgrimage.

In 1764, the standard 18-hole golf course was created at St Andrews when members modified the course from 22 to 18 holes.

Golf is documented as being played on Musselburgh Links, East Lothian, Scotland as early as 2 March 1672, which is certified as the oldest golf course in the world by Guinness World Records.

The oldest surviving rules of golf were compiled in March 1744 for the Company of Gentlemen Golfers, later renamed The Honourable Company of Edinburgh Golfers, which was played at Leith, Scotland.

The world’s oldest golf tournament in existence, and golf’s first major, is The Open Championship, which was first played on 17 October 1860 at Prestwick Golf Club, in Ayrshire, Scotland, with Scottish golfers winning the earliest majors.

Two Scotsmen from Dunfermline, John Reid and Robert Lockhart, first demonstrated golf in the U.S. by setting up a hole in an orchard in 1888, with Reid setting up America’s first golf club the same year, Saint Andrew’s Golf Club in Yonkers, New York.

How is a golf course

A golf course consists of either 9 or 18 holes, each with a teeing ground that is set off by two markers showing the bounds of the legal tee area, fairway, rough and other hazards, and the putting green surrounded by the fringe with the pin (normally a flagstick) and cup.

The levels of grass are varied to increase difficulty, or to allow for putting in the case of the green.

While many holes are designed with a direct line-of-sight from the teeing area to the green, some holes may bend either to the left or to the right. This is commonly called a “dogleg”, in reference to a dog’s knee. The hole is called a “dogleg left” if the hole angles leftwards and “dogleg right” if it bends right. Sometimes, a hole’s direction may bend twice; this is called a “double dogleg”.

A regular golf course consists of 18 holes, but nine-hole courses are common and can be played twice through for a full round of 18 holes.

Early Scottish golf courses were primarily laid out on links land, soil-covered sand dunes directly inland from beaches.

This gave rise to the term “golf links”, particularly applied to seaside courses and those built on naturally sandy soil inland.

The first 18-hole golf course in the United States was on a sheep farm in Downers Grove, Illinois, in 1892. The course is still there today

Harry Kane

Full name
Harry Edward Kane

Date of birth
28 July 1993 (age 25)

Place of birth
Walthamstow, England

6 ft 2 in (1.88 m)

Playing position

Current team
Tottenham Hotspur


Harry kane is an English professional footballer who plays as a striker for Premier League club Tottenham Hotspur and captains the England national team.

Many panel members commissioned by The Guardian considered him to be one of the best players in the world in 2018.

Born and raised in Walthamstow, Kane began his professional career at Tottenham Hotspur, where, after fast progression through the team’s youth academy, he was promoted to the senior team in 2009, at age 16.

He did not initially feature for the side, and instead, was loaned out several times to clubs across the English football pyramid, including Leyton Orient, Millwall, Leicester City, and Norwich City.

Kane’s involvement at Tottenham began to increase following the appointment of Mauricio Pochettino as head coach in 2014.

In his first full season at the club, Kane netted 31 goals across all competitions, and finished as the league’s second highest goalscorer, winning the PFA Young Player of the Year award.

After the following campaign, at age 23, Kane finished as league’s top goalscorer, and guided the club to UEFA Champions League qualification.

In the 2016–17 season, Kane also completed the season as the league’s top goalscorer, and helped the club finish as the competition’s runners-up, while he won the PFA Fans’ Player of the Year award. In the 2017–18 season, Kane registered his best campaign statistically to date, with 41 goals scored in 48 games in all competitions.

Kane holds the record for most Premier League Player of the Month awards (six; shared with Steven Gerrard) and has been selected for the PFA Team of the Year four times. He established himself as Tottenham’s fourth all-time scorer in official competitions in January 2019, and holds the best strike-rate (0.70 goals per game) in Premier League history.

An English international, Kane has scored 22 goals in 37 games for his country. He has appeared and scored at every youth level, and made his senior debut in March 2015 at age 21, where he scored on his debut.

Kane featured and scored at UEFA Euro 2016 qualifying, before he was selected as the squad’s captain from May 2018, prior to the 2018 FIFA World Cup.

In the tournament, Kane led England to fourth-place, their highest finish since 1990, by finishing as the top goalscorer, and won the Golden Boot.

77-year-old couple reportedly pass on holding hands just hours apart (photos)

Couple who do not want to live without each other die holding hands hours apart

– A 77-year-old couple, Will and Judy Webb, have reportedly passed on

– The couple who were married for 56 years died within an hour of each other while holding hands – Judy suffered complications from a procedure and her health started to deteriorate.

Her husband started falling similarly ill shortly after True love is a concept some people cannot grasp or do not believe in but some real life situations have proven that it does exist.

A 77-year-old couple who had been married for 56 years reportedly died within an hour of each other while holding hands.

The couple, Will and Judy Webb, were reportedly battling similar sicknesses at different hospitals in Michigan.

According to their daughter, Marybeth, Judy had a procedure that almost claimed her life in December 2018. She was then transported to Henry Ford hospital, Daily Mail reports. Speaking further Marybeth explained that since her mother’s ill health, her father started developing similar symptoms. “From that point on, everything that happened to her happened to him in a different place. “She spiked a fever, he spiked a fever. She started getting congestion, he got pneumonia. She got a reaction from a medication called metabolic encephalopathy, then he turned around and that’s what he had,” she told News Herald.

Marybeth believes that her father’s death was as a result of a broken heart. She said: “I know it sounds crazy, but people can die from a broken heart, and I feel like that’s what happened to my dad. All my mom wanted to do — she wasn’t really responding real well — and I asked if she wanted to just do comfort care and go be with dad.

She perked up, shot her head right up and said, ‘Yes, where is he?” The couple were eventually moved to the same hospice and after Will passed on, Judy responded by rubbing his hand before passing away an hour later. This was on March 6, 2019. This is a really touching story of a couple who were very much in love. RIP to the dead.

Lionel Messi: My son asked why I’m always crucified in Argentina

Lionel Messi: My son asked why I’m always crucified in Argentina

Lionel Messi staged a return to the Argentine national team for the first time after nine months in their 3-1 defeat to Venezuela this month.

Before the friendly game against their fellow South American, the 31-year-old last featured for his country in their 4-3 defeat to World Cup winners France in Russia last year.

The five time Ballon d’Or winner, while speaking to Buenos Aires based sports outlet FM Club 947 offered his thoughts on the ‘Albiceleste’.

Messi also revealed his desire to win silverware with Argentina, as his career continues to wind down.

He will clock 32 this summer and will hope he can lead his side to lift the next edition of Copa America title – having led his side to the final of the last two. “I dearly want to win something with the national side, I wanted to come back and want to participate in all the big games. He further revealed that: “When I made the decision to return, there were many who criticised the decision.

My 6-year-old son asked me: ‘Dad, why do they crucify you Argentina”. “I tell him that it’s just a handful of people. I’ve shown my desire to play for Argentina and don’t need to prove this to anyone,” Messi said.

Messi also added that: “I left the World Cup squad and then didn’t speak with anyone at the federation. Later, Scaloni called me and told me to take some time off and that he’d be keen for me to come back as he was preparing a solid project.”

The Barcelona star admits he would start Manchester City forward Sergio Aguero if he had the opportunity. “Kun has told me on many occasions: I’m Leo’s friend and am a substitute. If it was up to me Kun would always be a starter.

“I turn up to games and always endeavour to do my best irrespective of the comments that are made behind my back. “At times it can be difficult to enjoy all that goes on with the national team set-up. I just try and focus on playing well.” When asked about young players coming through into the team, he said. “A transitional phase is totally normal and it’s something that should have happened years ago. The young guys have come through and need to be given time, we can’t crucify these guys.”They are a good bunch of guys and are great players.

Apart from the Venezuela game they’ve played well and I’ve watched them develop with their club sides and I like the way things are developing.” “I’ve been told many things about Menotti and I’d love to meet him someday, it would be great to sit down with him for a chat.” Read more:

Aliko Dangote

Aliko Dangote GCON (born 10 April 1957) is a Nigerian business magnate, investor, and owner of the Dangote Group, which has interests in commodities in Nigeria and other African countries.
As of March 2019, he had an estimated net worth of US$10.6


Aliko Dangote

Born :Aliko Dangote
10 April 1957 (age 61)
Kano, Kano State, Nigeria

Nationality: Nigerian

Citizenship: Nigerian

Education: Capital High School, Kano

Alma mater : Al-Azhar University, Cairo

Occupation: Chairman and CEO, Dangote Group

Years active: 1977—present

Known for Richest person on the African continent (2019)

Net worth: US$10.8 billion (February 2019)[
Spouse(s): Married

Children: 15

Parents:Mohammed Dangote (father)
Mariya Sanusi Dantata (mother)

Dangote is ranked by Forbes magazine as the 100th-richest person in the world and the richest in Africa,and peaked on the list as the 23rd-richest person in the world in 2014.He surpassed Saudi-Ethiopian billionaire Mohammed Hussein Al Amoudi in 2013 by over $2.6 billion to become the world’s richest person of African descent

Early life

Aliko Dangote, an ethnic Hausa Muslim from Kano, Kano State, was born on the 10th of April 1957 into a wealthy Muslim family.

He is the great-grandson of Alhaji Alhassan Dantata, the richest African at the time of his death in 1955.


Dangote has said:
“I can remember when I was in primary school, I would go and buy cartons of sweets [candy] and I would start selling them just to make money. I was so interested in business, even at that time.”

Dangote was educated at the Sheikh Ali Kumasi Madrasa, followed by Capital High School, Kano.

He has a bachelor’s degree in business studies and administration from Al-Azhar University, Cairo.

Business career


The Dangote Group was established as a small trading firm in 1977, the same year Dangote relocated to Lagos to expand the company.[10] Today, it is a multi-trillion-naira conglomerate with many of its operations in Benin, Ghana, Nigeria, and Togo.

Dangote has expanded to cover food processing, cement manufacturing, and freight. The Dangote Group also dominates the sugar market in Nigeria and is a major supplier to the country’s soft drink companies, breweries, and confectioners.

The Dangote Group has moved from being a trading company to be the largest industrial group in Nigeria including Dangote Sugar Refinery, Dangote Cement, and Dangote Flour.

In July 2012, Dangote approached the Nigerian Ports Authority to lease an abandoned piece of land at the Apapa Port, which was approved.

He later built facilities for his flour company there. In the 1990s, he approached the Central Bank of Nigeria with the idea that it would be cheaper for the bank to allow his transport company to manage their fleet of staff buses, a proposal that was also approved.

In Nigeria today, Dangote Group with its dominance in the sugar market and refinery business is the main supplier (70 percent of the market) to the country’s soft drinks companies, breweries and confectioners.

It is the largest refinery in Africa and the third largest in the world, producing 800,000 tonnes of sugar annually.

Dangote Group owns salt factories and flour mills and is a major importer of rice, fish, pasta, cement, and fertiliser. The company exports cotton, cashew nuts, cocoa, sesame seeds, and ginger to several countries. It also has major investments in real estate, banking, transport, textiles, oil, and gas.

The company employs more than 11,000 people and is the largest industrial conglomerate in West Africa.

Dangote has diversified into telecommunications and has started building 14,000 kilometres of fibre optic cables to supply the whole of Nigeria.

As a result, Dangote was honoured in January 2009 as the leading provider of employment in the Nigerian construction industry.
He has said, “Let me tell you this and I want to really emphasise it … nothing is going to help Nigeria like Nigerians bringing back their money.

If you give me $5 billion today, I will invest everything here in Nigeria. Let us put our heads together and work.

Personal life

Dangote is married, and lives in Lagos, Nigeria.
He has been married four times, and his first three marriages ended in divorce.He has a total of fifteen children from these marriages.


Dangote was named as the Forbes Africa Person of the Year 2014.

See the Top 10 Philanthropists In Nigeria By Top10 Magazine

The Top10 magazine, Nigeria’s foremost monthly publication has released the list of Nigeria’s top 10 philanthropists.

The lists sighted by Igbere TV on Friday, featured under the title: “Top 10 Philanthropists behind Nigeria’s Largest Private Foundations”.
See full list as obtained by Igbere TV.
Top on the list are:-

1. Aliko Dangote (founder of Aliko Dangote Foundation)

2. Rochas Okorocha (founder of Rochas Foundation)

3. Tony Elumelu (founder of Tony Elumelu Foundation)

4. Jim Ovia (founder of Jim Ovia Foundation)

5. Theophilus Y. Danjuma (founder of TY Danjuma Foundation)

6. Emeka Offor (founder of Sir Emeka Offor Foundation)

7. Oba Otudeko (founder of Oba Otudeko Foundation)

8. Folorunso Alakija (founder of Rose of Sharon Foundation)

9. Muhammadu Indimi (founder of Mohammadu Indimi Foundation)

10. Subomi Michael Balogun (founder of Otunba Tunwase Foundation)

Explaining the criteria for selection of the top 10, Mr Tony Iji, publisher of The Top10 Magazine said the magazine considered the size of their foundations, track record of activities, volume of interventions, strategic importance of areas of focus and evidence of impact created in the society by their foundations.
READ ALSO: Aliko Dangote : The richest man in Africa


Barcelona star mocks Real Madrid while answering questions on relationship with his partner

Gerard Piqué trolls Real Madrid while answering questions on relationship with Shakira

Gerard Piqué has trolled Real Madrid while answering questions about his partner Shakira

Pique was a guest on a television show where he was asked to reveal the number of times he has slept with her last month

But the Spain international laughed and asked if those times at the Bernabeu counts Barcelona superstar Gerard Pique has taken a swipe at his club’s greatest rivals Real Madrid while answering questions about his relationship with Shakira.

The Spain international appeared on Spanish TV show La Resistencia which was filmed in Madrid to answer questions from presenter David Broncano.

And during their discussion on the television show on Thursday night, March 28, Pique was asked on his in-house life with his partner in which his response trolled Real Madrid.

Gerard Piqué was asked by the anchor of the show on how many times he has has slept with Shakira in the last month, Pique laughed, before responding: “Do those times at the Bernabeu count?”

And his response to the question led to laughter from the crowd who attended the show. This season, Gerard Pique was among the Barcelona players who recorded back to back win over Real Madrid at the Bernabeu.

Real Madrid are now on the verge of finishing the season without any title as they have been dumped out of the Champions League and also out of the Copa del Rey. Barcelona are currently topping the Spanish La Liga standings with 66 points, while Real Madrid are third on the log with 54 points.

Lampard gives stunning judgement on Maurizio Sarri’s style of play at Chelsea

Maurizio Sarri unfortunate over focus on ‘Sarriball’, says Chelsea legend Lampard

– Maurizio Sarri has been praised by Chelsea legend Frank Lampard who believes he is a good manager

– Lampard added that the former Napoli handler has been unfortunate over focusing on the ‘Sarriball’ approach

– There are news that Maurizio Sarri would leave Stamford Bridge at the end of the season Chelsea legend Frank Lampard has made it clear that current Blues’ manager Maurizio Sarri has perhaps been treated unfairly over his rigid philosophy at Stamford Bridge.

Maurizio Sarri started his managerial career impressively at Chelsea masterminding a 12-match unbeaten Premier League run that appeared to put the Blues on course for a title challenge.

But things later turned sour for the Blues in the Premier League and Chelsea are now fighting to finish among the top four clubs at the end of the season.

And ahead of Chelsea’s next Premier League game against Cardiff City on Sunday, March 31, Frank Lampard showed his admiration for the Italian and defended him as a good manager. “I respect managers who have a belief in a philosophy or system. I have never worked with Sarri, but I did see his Napoli team play fantastic football. “It has been unfortunate for Sarri himselfm as a good manager.

“I respect managers who have a belief in a philosophy or system. I have never worked with Sarri, but I did see his Napoli team play fantastic football. \”It has been unfortunate for Sarri himself, everyone has come up with this ‘Sarriball’ term, but I am not sure I have ever heard him actually milk that one or make it his own. ”I think he is just trying to win football games and he has brought in players who want to play the way he wants to play. Everyone has become a little bit focused on that fact. I think he is a very good manager,” Lampard told Goal.

Chelsea are currently occupying sixth position on the Premier League standings with 57 points after 30 games played this season.


Proteins are large biomolecules, or macromolecules, consisting of one or more long chains of amino acid residues.

Proteins perform a vast array of functions within organisms, including catalysing metabolic reactions, DNA replication, responding to stimuli, providing structure to cells and organisms, and transporting molecules from one location to another

The best-known role of proteins in the cell is as enzymes, which catalyse chemical reactions.

Enzymes are usually highly specific and accelerate only one or a few chemical reactions.

Enzymes carry out most of the reactions involved in metabolism, as well as manipulating DNA in processes such as DNA replication, DNA repair, and transcription.

Some enzymes act on other proteins to add or remove chemical groups in a process known as posttranslational modification. About 4,000 reactions are known to be catalysed by enzymes

Many proteins are involved in the process of cell signaling and signal transduction. Some proteins, such as insulin, are extracellular proteins that transmit a signal from the cell in which they were synthesized to other cells in distant tissues.

There are nine essential amino acids which humans must obtain from their diet in order to prevent protein-energy malnutrition and resulting death. They are phenylalanine, Valine, threonine, tryptophan, methionine, leucine, isoleucine, lysine, and histidine.

Protein is a nutrient needed by the human body for growth and maintenance. Aside from water, proteins are the most abundant kind of molecules in the body. Protein can be found in all cells of the body and is the major structural component of all cells in the body, especially muscle. This also includes body organs, hair and skin.

Proteins are also used in membranes, such as glycoproteins. When broken down into amino acids, they are used as precursors to nucleic acid, co-enzymes, hormones, immune response, cellular repair, and other molecules essential for life. Additionally, protein is needed to form blood cells

Harry Kane sends big warning to Tottenham, tells them what they must do for him to stay

Harry Kane has revealed that he has the desire of playing in NFL.

Harry Kane has revealed that he has the desire to play in the NFL – The 25-year-old Englishman also wants his club Tottenham to have ambition

Kane has netted 164 goals in 249 appearances for Spurs and has been linked with Real Madrid England international Harry Kane has hinted that he has the desire to play in the National Football League in America as he throws his future at Tottenham into doubt.

Kane is viewed as one of the best front men currently playing in world football having netted 164 goals in 249 appearances for Tottenham.

The striker has helped Tottenham from top six hopefuls to regular Champions League qualifiers as they are also in the quarterfinals of the 2018/19 Champions League. Harry Kane has now told Premier League side Tottenham that he wants the team to show their ambition if they want him to stay.

“That’s real, It is something that in 10 or 12 years I definitely want to try. “It goes back to that drive to be the best. Even if I download a game on my phone, can I be the best in the world?,” Kane told ESPN.

And while speaking on Tottenham, the Englishman said:” “A lot of people look at it and say this is maybe the best team we’ve had, maybe the best team we’ll ever have, and the best manager, but it’s important that we have something to show for it,’‘ he explained.

Meanwhile, Hary Kane signed a six-year contract extension last year June while his Spurs boss Pochettino also extended to 2023.

Man United, Tottenham to face off with Serie A giants for 1 prestigious prize

Inter Milan vs Manchester United: Nerazzurri to face Red Devils in 2019 ICC edition

– Inter Milan vs Man United clash will be one of the fixtures to look out for in the 2019 edition of the International Champions Cup in Singapore
– Tottenham and Juventus are the other fixture to complete the list of fixtures for the tourney
Italian League side Inter Milan will battle Manchester United in the 2019 edition of the International Champions Cup staging in Singapore this summer.

Juventus and Tottenham Hotspur complete the line-up of club sides to compete in the pre-season tourney which will take place a weekend on July 20th and July 21st.

According to the organisers of the event, just two matches will take place on the above named dates with the Red Devils battling Inter in the first game.

While Juventus face-off with Tottenham Hotspur in the second game in a new format drawn for the competition.

While reacting to questions about the event, Executive Chairman of Relevent Sports Group Charlie Stillitano said they took the tourney back to the country so the fans can relate with their stars.

Juventus, Tottenham Hotspur, Inter and Manchester United have been confirmed for the Singapore leg of the International Champions Cup (ICC) this July

Tickets will go on sale to the general public from 10am on Apr 4 via Sports Hub Tix

We are very pleased to bring the International Champions Cup to Singapore again. The event is the only platform for fans in the region to get up close to their favourite teams ,”
“Manchester United, Inter, Juventus and Tottenham Hotspur are clubs with strong support in the region, and we believe the fans will be happy to see them in action .”
Meanwhile, Melissa Ow, Deputy Chief Executive, Singapore Tourism Board added: ” With some of the biggest names in European football joining us for the International Champions Cup this year, Singapore will be an even more attractive travel destination for sports fans this July.
As the only Southeast Asian stop of the ICC, we look forward to welcoming football fans from around the region, and aim to provide a memorable experience for our visitors that goes beyond the pitch .”
” This year, the International Champions Cup Singapore welcomes AIA as its first-ever Presenting Partner .”

Also, AIA Group Chief Executive and President, Ng Keng Hooi said: ” AIA is proud to be the Presenting Partner of the 2019 International Champions Cup Singapore, especially during our Centennial year,”

Juventus will play the International Champions Cup in Asia this summer:
21 July: Juventus-Tottenham
24 July: Juventus-Inter

It is a wonderful opportunity for our customers, agents, partners and staff to witness Tottenham Hotspur, with their many international stars, compete in Asia .
” This year’s tournament will cap a long-awaited return to the city state for both Premier League sides .
” It will also be their first appearance at the new National Stadium after Tottenham graced the old Kallang venue in 1995, and Fabien Barthez’s cameo as an outfield player headlined the Red Devils’ last visit in 2001 .”

The Premier League clubs had earlier visited Singapore in 1995 and 2001 respectively, and will play at the new National Stadium of Singapore.

Couples That Are Comfortable Talking About Poop Are the Happiest Couples

Couples That Are Comfortable Talking About Poop Are the Happiest Couples

Being uptight about pooping can take a toll on your relationship. Cut the crap. It’s totally healthy to talk about bathroom politics with your significant other. A new study shows that a couple that talks about poop together, stays together. So if you’re backed up, got the runs, or just need to go, have the conversation sooner than later. And if you love them, warn them before they head to the bathroom. This is why according to the Huffington Post, couples that are comfortable talking about poop are the happiest couples.

The poop talk. You’ve heard every couple has the “talk.” That’s usually a conversation about taking things to the next level of commitment. But there’s also a “poop talk.”

How to approach? Your partner’s going to find out you poop one way or another. Be the one to break it to them if you’ve released a deadly toxin into the atmosphere. Don’t stay silent. Warn them!

Crack a joke. Buzzfeed advises making a joke of the scenario. The author writes you should say something like, “Babe, I love you, but what you’re about to hear and smell in the next 10 minutes might change your life forever.” Haha!

Intimacy. The Huffington Post writes about the importance of the poop talk, “The poop conversation breaks down walls and secures a level of intimacy few people get to experience with other people in their lives. Think of the conversation as a precursor to the wedding ring — a way to clear the air about everything you’ve ever done — before you make a lifetime commitment. It’s like listing all your past sexual partners, except partners made out of digested food.”

Air it out. The poop talk will break down walls. Once you talk about it with your partner, you’ll reach a new level of intimacy. And maybe have a few laughs al\nong the way.

It’s only natural. Everyone poops. Literally you would die if you didn’t. So what’s taboo about going #2?

Be cool. Don’t be too awkward about it. Be cool and confident about your relationship and natural habits. If you add extra importance to your pooping habits, you’ll make the other person uncomfortable.

Girls poo too. Most girls like to pretend like they don’t do it. Paris Hilton once claimed she didn’t poop. But girls poop just as much as boys.

Reveal your humanity. Knowing your partner is human is important. Don’t pretend they’re some magical fairy that doesn’t have normal bodily functions. If you have a problem with your partner being human, you need to go to therapy.

Holding it in? Really? You’re gonna do that because you’re that embarrassed about pooping? Don’t do it. It’s bad for your health.

Most people don’t really care. Once you bring it up and get it out of the way, you’ll find most people really do not give a crap. If they are awkward about pooping, they’re too uptight. But if someone really likes you, they won’t care that you have normal bowel movements.

Poop freely. You don’t want your relationship to be hindered by this. Be free! Go when you need to! Read Also:4 questions you should never ask your partner

4 questions you should never ask your partner

4 questions you should never ask your partner

Relationships teach us about ourselves most times, our tolerance level and emotional limits. No matter how upset you are, or how hurt you feel about your partner, there are just some things you shouldn’t say to them, because it could mark the beginning of the end of that relationship. Below are 4 questions you should never ask your partner:

1. Are you sure you want to be with me?

Though it is important for the health of a relationship for each partner to praise and cherish the other, each partner is actually responsible for their own basic level of self-respect and self-confidence. If you need constant validation on a basic level, then before long, your partner will find it difficult to admire or respect you. The solution to this is to make sure that you would want to be with you, and that you already enjoy being yourself. When you feel great in your own skin, it’s much easier for you to have the clarity of mind to actually assess whether the person you’re with is a great match for you and genuinely appreciates you.

2. Can I trust you?

Are you telling me the truth? It’s never a good idea to ask these questions point blank. Firstly, it puts your partner on the defensive immediately. Secondly, you can never trust the answer you’ll get. This is because if you’re not fundamentally sure you can trust someone, then asking them whether or not you can trust them will only drive you crazier.

3. What’s wrong with you?

Why are you always doing that?’ It’s never a good idea to make a negative judgment or a blanket condemnation of your partner because it will simply reinforce the exact negative behaviors you’re trying to change because your judgments push them to isolate from you. Instead of attacking your partner personally for what you don’t like, share what you do like and how you would feel or do feel when they do those things. You might have to become introspective and creative to find out why certain things are so important to you.

4. Are you breaking up with me?

Asking this question during daily conflicts is an unnecessary and emotionally destructive threat. if you actually want to break up right there, then just say so and follow through with it. Otherwise, ask genuinely clarifying questions of the other person. If it feels too heated right then, take a step back, reevaluate as objectively as possible, and discuss the matter again once the atmosphere has calmed.

Know More About “Cristiano Ronaldo”

A little biography of Cristiano Ronaldo

Cristiano Ronaldo Juventus|Source: Twitter

Cristiano Ronaldo whose full name is ” Ronaldo dos Santos Aveiro” is a Portuguese professional footballer who plays as a forward for Italian club Juventus and captains the Portugal national team.

Born on 5 February 1985 in Funchal, Madeira, Portugal, He raised on the Portuguese island of Madeira, Ronaldo was diagnosed with a racing heart at age 15. He underwent an operation to treat his condition, and began his senior club career playing for Sporting CP, before signing with Manchester United at age 18 in 2003.

He has a height of 1.89 m (6 ft 2 in)

Cristiano Ronaldo is considered the best player in the world and regarded by many as one of the greatest players of all time with rival Lionel Messi, Ronaldo has a record-tying five Ballon d’Or awards, the most for a European player, and is the first player to win four European Golden Shoes.

He has won 27 trophies in his career, including five league titles, five UEFA Champions League titles and one UEFA European Championship.

Cristiano Ronaldo holding the cup

A prolific goalscorer, Ronaldo holds the records for most official goals scored in Europe’s top-five leagues (414), the UEFA Champions League (124), the UEFA European Championship (9), as well as those for most assists in the UEFA Champions League (34) and the UEFA European Championship (6). He has scored 700 senior career goals for club and country.

After winning his first trophy in England, the FA Cup, during his first season there, he helped United win three successive Premier League titles, a UEFA Champions League title, and a FIFA Club World Cup.

By age 22, he had received Ballon d’Or and FIFA World Player of the Year nominations and at age 23, he won his first Ballon d’Or and FIFA World Player of the Year awards.

In 2009, Ronaldo was the subject of, what was, at the time, the most expensive association football transfer when he moved from Manchester United to Real Madrid in a transfer worth €94 million (£80 million).

With Real Madrid, Ronaldo won 15 trophies, including two La Liga titles, two Copas del Rey, four UEFA Champions League titles, two UEFA Super Cups, and three FIFA Club World Cups.

Real Madrid’s all-time top goalscorer, Ronaldo scored a record 34 La Liga hat-tricks, including a record-tying eight hat-tricks in the 2014–15 season and is the only player to reach 30 goals in six consecutive La Liga seasons.

Cristiano Ronaldo playing for Portugal|Source: Twitter

After joining Madrid, Ronaldo finished runner-up for the Ballon d’Or three times, behind Lionel Messi, his perceived career rival, before winning back-to-back Ballons d’Or in 2013 and 2014.

After winning the 2016 and 2017 Champions Leagues, Ronaldo secured back-to-back Ballons d’Or again in 2016 and 2017.

A historic third consecutive Champions League followed, making Ronaldo the first player to win the trophy five times.

In 2018, he signed for Juventus in a transfer worth an initial €100 million; the highest ever paid by an Italian club and the highest fee ever paid for a player over 30 years old.

A Portuguese international, Ronaldo was named the best Portuguese player of all time by the Portuguese Football Federation in 2015.

He made his senior debut for Portugal in 2003 at age 18, and has since had over 150 caps, including appearing and scoring in eight major tournaments, becoming Portugal’s most capped player and his country’s all-time top goalscorer. He scored his first international goal at Euro 2004 and helped Portugal reach the final.Planck

Ronaldo celebrating for a goal in Real Madrid FC| Source: Twitter

He took over full captaincy in July 2008, leading Portugal to their first-ever triumph in a major tournament by winning Euro 2016, and received the Silver Boot as the second-highest goalscorer of the tournament, before becoming the highest European international goalscorer of all-time.

Know More About Lionel Messi

A little biography of Lionel Messi

Captain Lionel Messi

Lionel Messi whose full name is “Lionel Andrés Messi Cuccittini” is an Argentine professional footballer who plays as a forward and captains both Spanish club Barcelona and the Argentina national team.

He was born on 24 June 1987 in Rosario, Argentina(Central Argentina). Messi has an height of 1.70 m(5ft 7 in) and was diagnosed with a growth hormone deficiency as a child.

Messi relocated to Spain to join Barcelona at age 13, who agreed to pay for his medical treatment. After a fast progression through Barcelona’s youth academy, Messi made his competitive debut aged 17 in October 2004.

He established himself as an integral player for the club within the next three years despite being injury-prone during his early career, finishing 2007 as a finalist for both the Ballon d’Or and FIFA World Player of the Year award, a feat he repeated the following year.

Messi is often considered the best player in the world and regarded by many as the greatest player of all time with rival Cristiano Ronaldo, Messi has won a record-tying five Ballon d’Or awards, four of which he won consecutively, and a record five European Golden Shoes.

He has spent his entire professional career with Barcelona, where he has won a club-record 32 trophies, including nine La Liga titles, four UEFA Champions League titles and six Copas del Rey.

His first uninterrupted campaign came in the 2008–09 season, during which he helped Barcelona achieve the first treble in Spanish football.

At 22 years old, Messi won the Ballon d’Or and FIFA World Player of the Year award by record voting margins.

Three successful seasons followed, with Messi winning three consecutive FIFA Ballons d’Or, including an unprecedented fourth. During the 2011–12 season, he set the La Liga and European records for most goals scored in a single season, while establishing himself as Barcelona’s all-time top scorer in official competitions in March 2012.

The following two seasons, Messi finished twice second for the Ballon d’Or behind Cristiano Ronaldo, his perceived career rival. Messi regained his best form during the 2014–15 campaign, breaking the all-time goalscoring records in both La Liga and the Champions League in November 2014 and leading Barcelona to a historic second treble.

An Argentine international, Messi is his country’s all-time leading goalscorer. At youth level, he won the 2005 FIFA World Youth Championship, finishing the tournament with both the Golden Ball and Golden Shoe, and an Olympic gold medal at the 2008 Summer Olympics. His style of play as a diminutive, left-footed dribbler drew comparisons with compatriot Diego Maradona, who declared the teenager his successor.

After making his senior debut in August 2005, Messi became the youngest Argentine to play and score in a FIFA World Cup during the 2006 edition, and reached the final of the 2007 Copa América, where he was named young player of the tournament.

As the squad’s captain from August 2011, he led Argentina to three consecutive finals: the 2014 FIFA World Cup, for which he won the Golden Ball, and the 2015 and 2016 Copas América.

After announcing his international retirement in 2016, he reversed his decision and led his country to qualification for the 2018 FIFA World Cup. He made so much achievements but couldn’t proof his talent in country like in club.

Fact: Messi is the highest earning football and one of the most famous footballer in history.

Yes, since you’re pregnant you eat differently.

Now you are pregnant, it is important to try to eat well so your baby will grow well. You and your growing baby need lots of different foods.

A simple way to think about it is to eat lots of different types of foods!
You could talk to your family about the food you need.

Try to eat some of each of these food types every day

Fruit and vegetables.

These protect your baby from being born with a problem.

Starchy foods.

These include bread, rice, noodles, yam and potatoes. These foods give you energy.

Foods rich in protein.

These include eggs, dark green leafy vegetables, bean cake/pudding, chicken, fish and meat. These are body building foods.

Calcium-rich and dairy foods.

These include milk, soy milk, bean cake/pudding. They help your baby grow strong bones.

Important Terms Needed To Know During Pregnancy


These are proteins that are produced by the body’s immune system when it detects a harmful substance in your body, like bacteria or viruses.

Each type of antibody is unique and defends the body against one specific type of harmful substance.


The place where your urine collects

Blood pressure

This is the pressure in your blood vessels, when it is being pumped around your body by your heart. Measuring this pressure can help healthcare providers to know when you are sick.


These are starchy, filling foods that give you energy.


The opening to your womb. Your cervix opens wide during labour to allow your baby to be born.


These are the tightening and relaxing of the womb that happens in labour. They feel like strong period pains.

Contractions gradually move your baby down through the birth canal, ready to be born.


Your body needs water to stay healthy. If you are dehydrated, this means that your body does not have enough water.


A serious condition where you have fits or seizures. it happens if pre-eclampsia is not treated.

Folic acid:

This is a vitamin. It helps to protect your baby from developing faults in his spine, called spina bifida.


These chemicals take messages around your body. They move through your bloodstream from special places where they are made, called glands, to your tissues or organs. They work slowly, over time, and affect many different processes in your body, like growth and development, your mood, sex, pregnancy and birth.


Or afterbirth, is the part of you which feeds your baby and keeps her alive in the womb


This is a sudden rise in your blood pressure, which can happen after 20 weeks of pregnancy. It can be dangerous for you and your baby, and can mean that your baby needs to be born early.


Proteins are body building foods.


The passage leading from the cervix to the outside of your body. It is sometimes called your birth canal.


These are found in foods. Your body needs to have a variety of different vitamins to keep healthy.

Vitamin C

Vitamin C, also known as ascorbic acid and L-ascorbic acid, is a vitamin found in various foods and sold as a dietary supplement.

It is used to prevent and treat scurvy. Vitamin C is an essential nutrient involved in the repair of tissue and the enzymatic production of certain neurotransmitters.

It is required for the functioning of several enzymes and is important for immune system function. It also functions as an antioxidant.

Antioxidants are compounds that inhibit oxidation. Oxidation is a chemical reaction that can produce free radicals, thereby leading to chain reactions that may damage the cells of organisms.

Antioxidants such as thiols or ascorbic acid (vitamin C) terminate these chain reactions.

To balance the oxidative state, plants and animals maintain complex systems of overlapping antioxidants, such as glutathione and enzymes (e.g., catalase and superoxide dismutase), produced internally, or the dietary antioxidants vitamin C, and vitamin E.

Read also: 10 benefit of vitamin c


vitamin is an organic molecule (or related set of molecules) that is an essential micronutrient that an organism needs in small quantities for the proper functioning of its metabolism.

Essential nutrients cannot be synthesized in the organism, either at all or not in sufficient quantities, and therefore must be obtained through the diet.

Vitamin C can be synthesized by some species but not by others; it is not a vitamin in the first instance but is in the second.

Most vitamins are not single molecules, but groups of related molecules called vitamers. For example, vitamin E consists of four tocopherols and four tocotrienols

The thirteen vitamins required by human metabolism are:

  1. vitamin A. (retinol and carotenoids)
  2. vitamin B1 (thiamine),
  3. vitamin B2 (riboflavin),
  4. vitamin B3 (niacin),
  5. vitamin B5 (pantothenic acid),
  6. vitamin B6 (pyridoxine),
  7. vitamin B7 (biotin),
  8. vitamin B9 (folic acid or folate),
  9. vitamin B12 (cobalamins),
  10. vitamin C (ascorbic acid),
  11. vitamin D (calciferols),
  12. vitamin E (tocopherols and tocotrienols),
  13. vitamin k (quinones).

Vitamin K

Natural or synthetic quinones show a biological or pharmacological activity, and some of them show anti-tumoral activity. They embody some claims in herbal medicine.

These applications include purgative (sennosides), antimicrobial and antiparasitic (rhein- and saprorthoquinone, atovaquone), anti-tumor (emodin and juglone), inhibition of PGE2 biosynthesis (arnebinone and arnebifuranone) and anti-cardiovascular disease (tanshinone).

Danger during pregnancy

Danger for You:

If your waters have broken but you are not in labour after 6 hours

Your contractions are lasting for over 12 hours, but the baby has not come yet

You are bleeding heavily and the blood soaks more than 2 to 3 pads in 15 minutes

Your placenta has not come out, and it is 1 hour after the birth of your baby

Danager for Your baby:

You notice that your baby does not cry at birth, or has difficulty breathing

You notice that your baby cannot breastfeed

You notice that your baby has a fever, or feels cold

Your baby is very small (less than 1500 grams or born earlier than 32 weeks)

Your baby has fits and seizures

Vitamin D

Vitamin D is a group of fat-soluble secosteroids responsible for increasing intestinal absorption of calcium, magnesium, and phosphate, and multiple other biological effects.

In humans, the most important compounds in this group are vitamin D3 (also known as cholecalciferol) and vitamin D2 (ergocalciferol).


colecalciferol is a type of vitamin D which is made by the skin when exposed to sunlight; it is also found in some foods and can be taken as a dietary supplement.

It is used to treat and prevent vitamin D deficiency and associated diseases, including rickets.

It is also used for familial hypophosphatemia, hypoparathyroidism that is causing low blood calcium, and Fanconi syndrome.

It is usually taken by mouth.


Ergocalciferol also known as vitamin D2 and calciferol, is a type of vitamin D found in food and used as a dietary supplement.

As a supplement it is used to prevent and treat vitamin D deficiency.

This includes vitamin D deficiency due to poor absorption by the intestines or liver disease.

It may also be used for low blood calcium due to hypoparathyroidism.

It is used by mouth or injection into a muscle

vitamin E

Because the vitamin activity was first identified in 1936 from a dietary fertility factor in rats, it was given the name “tocopherol” from the Greek words “τόκος” [tókos, birth], and “φέρειν”, [phérein, to bear or carry] meaning in sum

“to carry a pregnancy,”

with the ending “-ol” signifying its status as a chemical alcohol.

α-Tocopherol is the main source found in supplements and in the European diet, where the main dietary sources are olive and sunflower oils, while γ-tocopherol is the most common form in the American diet due to a higher intake of soybean and corn oil.

Tocotrienols, which are related compounds, also have vitamin E activity. All of these various derivatives with vitamin activity may correctly be referred to as “vitamin E”. Tocopherols and tocotrienols are fat-soluble antioxidants but also seem to have many other functions in the body.

Vitamin B5

Pantothenic acid, also called vitamin B5 (a B vitamin), is a water-soluble vitamin. Pantothenic acid is an essential nutrient.

Animals require pantothenic acid in order to synthesize coenzyme-A (CoA), as well as to synthesize and metabolize proteins, carbohydrates, and fats.

pantothenic acid are found in nearly every food, with high amounts in fortified whole-grain cereals, egg yolks, liver and dried mushrooms.

Although pantothenic acid supplementation is under preliminary research for a variety of human diseases, there is insufficient evidence to date that it has any effect.


Basketball is a team sport in which two teams, most commonly of five players each, opposing one another on a rectangular court, compete with the primary objective of shooting a basketball through the defender’s hoop (a basket 18 inches in diameter mounted 10 feet high to a backboard at each end of the court) while preventing the opposing team from shooting through their own hoop.

The ball used in basketball is approximately 9.4 inches (24 cm) in diameter

A field goal is worth two points, unless made from behind the three-point line, when it is worth three.

After a foul, timed play stops and the player fouled or designated to shoot a technical foul is given one or more one-point free throws.

The team with the most points at the end of the game wins, but if regulation play expires with the score tied, an additional period of play (overtime) is mandated.

Brief history of basketball

In early December 1891, Canadian James Naismith, a physical education professor and instructor at the International Young Men’s Christian Association Training School (YMCA) (today, Springfield College) in Springfield, Massachusetts, was trying to keep his gym class active on a rainy day.

He sought a vigorous indoor game to keep his students occupied and at proper levels of fitness during the long New England winters.

After rejecting other ideas as either too rough or poorly suited to walled-in gymnasiums, he wrote the basic rules and nailed a peach basket onto a 10-foot (3.0 m) elevated track. In contrast with modern basketball nets, this peach basket retained its bottom, and balls had to be retrieved manually after each “basket” or point scored; this proved inefficient, however, so the bottom of the basket was removed, allowing the balls to be poked out with a long dowel each time.

Old style basketball with laces
Basketball was originally played with a soccer ball. These round balls from “association football” were made, at the time, with a set of laces to close off the hole needed for inserting the inflatable bladder after the other sewn-together segments of the ball’s cover had been flipped outside-in.[7][8] These laces could cause bounce passes and dribbling to be unpredictable.[9] Eventually a lace-free ball construction method was invented, and this change to the game was endorsed by Naismith. (Whereas in American football, the lace construction proved to be advantageous for gripping and remains to this day.) The first balls made specifically for basketball were brown, and it was only in the late 1950s that Tony Hinkle, searching for a ball that would be more visible to players and spectators alike, introduced the orange ball that is now in common use. Dribbling was not part of the original game except for the “bounce pass” to teammates. Passing the ball was the primary means of ball movement.

Dribbling was eventually introduced but limited by the asymmetric shape of early balls. Dribbling only became a major part of the game around the 1950s, as manufacturing improved the ball shape.

The peach baskets were used until 1906 when they were finally replaced by metal hoops with backboards. A further change was soon made, so the ball merely passed through. Whenever a person got the ball in the basket, his team would gain a point. Whichever team got the most points won the game.

The baskets were originally nailed to the mezzanine balcony of the playing court, but this proved impractical when spectators in the balcony began to interfere with shots. The backboard was introduced to prevent this interference; it had the additional effect of allowing rebound shots.

Naismith’s handwritten diaries, discovered by his granddaughter in early 2006, indicate that he was nervous about the new game he had invented, which incorporated rules from a children’s game called duck on a rock, as many had failed before it.

Frank Mahan, one of the players from the original first game, approached Naismith after the Christmas break, in early 1892, asking him what he intended to call his new game.

Naismith replied that he hadn’t thought of it because he had been focused on just getting the game started.
Mahan suggested that it be called “Naismith ball”, at which he laughed, saying that a name like that would kill any game.
Mahan then said, “Why not call it basketball?” Naismith replied, “We have a basket and a ball, and it seems to me that would be a good name for it.”

The first official game was played in the YMCA gymnasium in Albany, New York, on January 20, 1892, with nine players.

The game ended at 1–0; the shot was made from 25 feet (7.6 m), on a court just half the size of a present-day Streetball or National Basketball Association (NBA) court.

At the time, football was being played with 10 to a team (which was increased to 11).

When winter weather got too icy to play football, teams were taken indoors, and it was convenient to have them split in half and play basketball with five on each side. By 1897–1898 teams of five became standard.

vitamin E

Because the vitamin activity was first identified in 1936 from a dietary fertility factor in rats, it was given the name “tocopherol” from the Greek words “τόκος” [tókos, birth], and “φέρειν”, [phérein, to bear or carry] meaning in sum

“to carry a pregnancy,”

with the ending “-ol” signifying its status as a chemical alcohol.

α-Tocopherol is the main source found in supplements and in the European diet, where the main dietary sources are olive and sunflower oils, while γ-tocopherol is the most common form in the American diet due to a higher intake of soybean and corn oil.

Tocotrienols, which are related compounds, also have vitamin E activity. All of these various derivatives with vitamin activity may correctly be referred to as “vitamin E”. Tocopherols and tocotrienols are fat-soluble antioxidants but also seem to have many other functions in the body.

Vitamin B12

Vitamin B12, also known as cobalamin, is a water-soluble vitamin that is involved in the metabolism of every cell of the human body: it is a cofactor in DNA synthesis, and in both fatty acid and amino acid metabolism.

It is particularly important in the normal functioning of the nervous system via its role in the synthesis of myelin, and in the maturation of developing red blood cells in the bone marrow.

Vitamin B9

Folate, distinct forms of which are known as folic acid, folacin, and vitamin B9, is one of the B vitamins. It may be taken by mouth or by injection.

The recommended adult daily intake of folate in the U.S. is 400 micrograms from foods or dietary supplements. Folate in the form of folic acid is used to treat anemia caused by folic acid deficiency.

Folic acid is also used as a supplement by women during pregnancy to reduce the risk of neural tube defects (NTDs) in the baby. Low levels in early pregnancy are believed to be the cause of more than half of babies born with NTDs.

More than 80 countries use fortification of certain foods with folic acid as a measure to decrease the rate of NTDs.

Long-term supplementation is also associated with small reductions in the risk of stroke and cardiovascular disease.

Vitamin B7

Biotin is a water-soluble B vitamin, also called vitamin B7 and formerly known as vitamin H or coenzyme R.

It is involved in a wide range of metabolic processes, both in humans and in other organisms, primarily related to the utilization of fats, carbohydrates, and amino acids.

Biotin is an important component of enzymes involved in metabolizing fats and carbohydrates, influencing cell growth, and affecting amino acids involved in protein synthesis

It may also be helpful in maintaining a steady blood sugar level. Biotin is often recommended as a dietary supplement for strengthening hair and nails, though scientific data supporting these outcomes are weak. Nevertheless, biotin is found in many cosmetics and health products for the hair and skin.

Vitamin B6

Pyridoxine, also known as vitamin B6, is a form of vitamin B6 found commonly in food and used as dietary supplement.

As a supplement it is used to treat and prevent pyridoxine deficiency, sideroblastic anaemia, pyridoxine-dependent epilepsy, certain metabolic disorders, problems from isoniazid, and certain types of mushroom poisoning.

It is used by mouth or by injection.

Vitamin B1

Thiamine, also known as thiamin or vitamin B1, is a vitamin found in food, and manufactured as a dietary supplement and medication.

Food sources of thiamine include whole grains, legumes, and some meats and fish.

Grain processing removes much of the thiamine content, so in many countries cereals and flours are enriched with thiamine.

Supplements and medications are available to treat and prevent thiamine deficiency and disorders that result from it, including beriberi and Wernicke encephalopathy.

Other uses include the treatment of maple syrup urine disease and Leigh syndrome.

They are typically taken by mouth, but may also be given by intravenous or intramuscular injection.

Vitamin B2

Riboflavin, also known as vitamin B2, is a vitamin found in food and used as a dietary supplement. Food sources include eggs, green vegetables, milk and other dairy product, meat, mushrooms, and almonds.

Some countries require its addition to grains
It is required by the body for cellular respiration.

Vitamin B3

Niacin, also known as nicotinic acid, is an organic compound and a form of vitamin B3, an essential human nutrient.

It belongs to the group of the pyridinecarboxylic acid.

Insufficient niacin in the diet can cause nausea, skin and mouth lesions, anemia, headaches, and tiredness.

Niacin and niacinamide are used for prevention and treatment of pellagra.

The Alarming Child Poverty Risk In Spain Despite The Economic Recovery

The Alarming Child Poverty Risk In Spain Despite The Economic Recovery

After a critical period of recession that lasted until 2013, little by little, the Spanish economy has managed to heal from the ravages of the crisis. So much so, that Spain has become one of the EU countries with higher growth forecasts and last year the Spanish GDP grew by 2.5%, six percentage points above the European average.

The figures, however, are far from reflecting the reality of many families and, more specifically, many children. Currently, one in three minors in Spain is at risk of poverty or social exclusion and this is where social immobilism play an important role.

According to the European Anti-Poverty Network (EAPN), child population in Spain (under 18) registers very high rates in the indicators of poverty: 31.3% of the children in 2017 were at risk of poverty or social exclusion. Among these minors, 28.3% live in poverty risk, 10.8% live in severe poverty, 9.8% live in homes with low intensity of employment and 6.5% endure severe material deprivation.

Children at risk of poverty or social exclusion in the EU

Children at risk of poverty are those who live in households with a total income below the poverty line so, in other words, any policy that seeks to reduce child poverty must necessarily go through supporting low-income households with children. In this sense, it is important to talk about the wounds of the economic crisis. In Spain, one in six middle-class families fell into poverty during the crisis, according to the 2019 Oxfam report on social immobility and poverty carried out in the Mediterranean country.

The document shows how Spanish society has become polarized while the middle class is thinning. One of the reasons has a lot to do with the phenomenon of social immobility, which means that those who are born in rich households may easily perpetuate in their social status while the most impoverished people have a harder time changing their situation throughout their lives. For example, in Spain people born in a high-income family earn 40% more than people raised in a low-income household.

Although the most alarming data in the report may be that poverty in Spain increased during the crisis four times more than what has been reduced with the economic recovery, which is especially serious considering that low-income families suffer the most when a crisis hit. So, if the situation of childhood before the recession was already bad, nowadays it is much worse despite the economic upturn.

While being in the opposition, the Spanish President Pedro Sánchez promised the opening of a specific organism to address this emergency so, when he reached the Government after the motion of censure against the former President, Mariano Rajoy, the High Commission for the Fight against Childhood Poverty was created. What is interesting is that the Commission draws from the premise that child poverty is inherited and affects 2,365,000 children in Spain.

A very illustrative example of how the standard of living is transmitted from parents to children is the perception of children’s health. Based on the data of the National Health Survey, the High Commission states that “it is not a coincidence that there is a gap of 14 percentage points between the group with the highest income (60.3%) and the group with the lowest income (46.6%) when it comes to classifying the child’s health status (up to 14 years) as very good”.

Also, education depends largely on the household income. For example, half of the people who leave their studies prematurely in Spain belong to the 20% of households with lower income, according to the Oxfam report. It happens the same abroad, the European Statistical Office (Eurostat) has shown how the risk of poverty rises as the level of education diminishes. “In the EU, around 53% of children (aged 0–17) living in households in which the highest level of education attained by the parents was lower secondary level, were at risk of poverty, compared with 7.6 % for children whose parents have a high level of education”, indicates the 2019 study.

Another factor took into account by the EU to determine children’s poverty and social exclusion is the work intensity, and the fact is that around 69% of the very low work intensity households and 48% of the low work intensity households with dependent children in the EU were at risk of poverty in 2017. In the case of Spain, the unemployment rate (which reached 25%) and the job insecurity that followed the crisis played an important role regarding the low work intensity rates and, of course, household income.

Bearing in mind this data, it gets easier to accept the assumption that child poverty is largely inherited. One of the ways in which the State can address social inequalities is through social spending. In this respect, Spanish spending on families and children is lower than the average of the European Union in relation to its GDP, but also in relation to total social spending. In Spain only 5.3% of social spending is devoted to the family and childhood, only ahead of the Netherlands, Greece, and Portugal and far from the EU average, which is situated at 8.4%.

In short, the problem of child poverty in Spain is that it is structural. The only way to tackle it is to eradicate the great persistent inequalities in society that have increased after the crisis and to work for a large middle class that replaces the polarization of society. Otherwise, the future will bring us an immense population at risk of poverty, which goes against the scheme of advanced societies

23 Parents Share The Things They’ve Caught Their Kids Doing That Their Kids Have No Idea About

23 Parents Share The Things They’ve Caught Their Kids Doing That Their Kids Have No Idea About

“My son doesn’t know that I know he searched for ‘movies with most boobs’ last week.”

Recently, a viral Reddit thread asked moms to share the thing they know about their kids that their kids don’t know they know.

Here are the most hilarious, heartwarming, and totally gross responses that prove without a doubt that you can’t fool a mom:

1. “My 14-years-old son doesn’t know that I know he searched for ‘movies with most boobs’ last week.”

2. “I know that my 13-year-old daughter takes an Uber to school when it’s raining or she’s running late. She doesn’t realize her Uber account is connected to my credit card — she must think the ‘Uber fairy’ pays for it.”

3. “We have one of those fridge cameras, and I was checking the cam one day and there was my son, closing his ding-dong in the fridge repeatedly.”

“I couldn’t help but watch him just to try and figure out what he was doing. Is that some new-age masturbation technique?”

4. “My 3-year-old daughter doesn’t understand that whispering to herself isn’t the same thing as thinking in your head — she loves to call people idiots to herself and giggle, not knowing we can actually hear her.”

5. “My teenage daughter has an electric toothbrush in her underwear drawer that I’m pretty sure she masturbates with.”

6. “Every morning, my 3-year-old crawls into bed with me for another 30 minutes before we get up. And when she thinks I’ve fallen back asleep, she kisses my cheek and tells me how much she loves me.”

“There are a lot of hard things about being a parent and waking up early with a toddler, but her sweet little voice saying, ‘I love you so much, Mommy’ makes it all worth it.”


7. “My daughter used to ‘eat a cookie’ and ask for another. But I’d find hundreds of cookies squirreled around various drawers, inside toys, and under her bed. She must have died during the Great Depression in a past-life of something.”

8. “That my teenage son has an empty box of condoms under his bed. Yes, we’ve had ‘the talk,’ but EMPTY?!!”

9. “My 3-year-old son wipes his boogers on the walls. He denies it’s him. I’ve seen him do it.”

10. “When my 9-year-old daughter is in the shower forever, I know it’s because she’s trying to hide the fact that she’s crying because she misses her dad. It’s been three months since he died, and she’s still getting used to the fact that he’s gone.”

11. “My 13-year-old daughter doesn’t know that I know she writes shitty manga-type sex stories. I don’t even really care about the sex stuff, but the writing itself is SO bad. The grammar, sentence structure, and spelling is a hot mess.”

12. “When our 18-month-old learns a new word, he runs into the kitchen where we can’t see him and practices sounding the word out, thinking we can’t hear him. Then he comes back into the family room to deliver the final product.”


13. “My 16-year-old doesn’t know that we can easily hear him singing songs and talking to the TV in his room. The other day, he sang the National Anthem as loud as he could, and we stood up in the family room with our hands over our hearts until he was done.”

14. “I set alarms for the morning on the Amazon Echo, and when I leave the room, I hear my daughter cancel them and snicker, ‘No school tomorrow, haha!’ She’s five.”

15. “My 14-year-old stepdaughter borrows my clothes — hiding them in her book bag and changing in the school bathroom — and returns them to my closet when she’s done wearing them. She goes to great lengths to deny liking my style, but I’m honored that she does, even if it’s in secret.”


16. “My parents once caught my brother googling ‘naked Minecraft girls.’ Kids are wild.”

17. “My 9-year-old pretends to go to sleep right away, but as soon as I shut the door, I hear her turn on her bedside lamp on and pull out her stashed book and read. I can’t even be mad. So every night before I go to bed, I go put away her book and turn off her light. She has to know it’s me doing that, but she’s never said a word.”

18. “My very prude and private 13-year-old son doesn’t know that I know he sleeps in the nude. I caught his little bum-bum sticking out one morning when I went to wake him up.”

19. “My 6-year-old has been hiding pictures that his ‘friend’ at school draws for him. It’s always a picture of the two of them with tons of hearts all over it. I just look at them and put them back. He has no idea.”

20. “My stepdaughter is queer/questioning/most likely gay. Her mental health professional outed her to me and her dad, which pissed us off since we were fine not knowing until she told us. She doesn’t know that we know, and when she’s ready to tell us, we’ll be there for her 100%. But it’s going to be on her time.”

21. “That my 16-year-old and 17-year-old own sex toys. I mean, masturbate until you get carpal tunnel, kids — you can’t get yourself pregnant that way!”


22. “My youngest stepson leaves treasures for the rest of the kids to find. He’ll find a rock shaped like a heart and leave it for one of the girls, or he’ll find an interesting old coin and leave it for his brother. He swears that the ‘backward pirate’ does it, and has no idea that the whole house knows it’s him.”
“I love that he has such a giving heart, and I hope he continues doing for others with no particular reason in mind other than to see them smile.”


23. “As a kid, I used to do sit-ups on my very creaky bed every night. That and the out-of-breath panting combined could definitely have been mistaken for ‘polishing the banister,’ and I’m so afraid my parents thought I was vigorously masturbating every night. Mom, Dad — the only thing getting hard were my abs!”


Some responses have been edited for length and clarity.

THROAT CANCER: Drink hot tea at your own risk

THROAT CANCER: Drink hot tea at your own risk

Tea is often associated with a number of health benefits, but if your daily cup of char is too hot, you may dramatically increase your risk of throat cancer, according to a new study.

Hot tea increases the risk of risk of throat cancer. A new International Journal of Cancer study found that those drinking very hot daily tea daily had higher risk for esophageal (throat) cancer.

Woman burns houseboy with iron for drinking her beverage Researchers tracked the habits of more than 50,000 tea drinkers over a 10-year period, and discovered 317 new cases of esophageal cancer were developed.

The study found that those who drank more than 700 ml of tea a day at a temperature of 60 degrees Celsius (140 degrees Fahrenheit) had a 90 percent higher risk for esophageal cancer.

Based on the results of our study, drinking hot tea is associated with an increased risk of esophageal cancer,” said Farhad Islami, the study’s lead author.

Many people typically drink beverages like coffee, tea and hot chocolate at temperatures lower than 149 degrees Fahrenheit, but the study found that in South America, Asia and Africa, tea is served much hotter. Policeman killed while chasing armed robbers in Ekiti It’s the temperature not the type of beverage that poses a threat.

Researchers said chronic thermal injury could cause inflammation that could lead to cancer or make it easier for carcinogens ingested through food or drink to penetrate the esophageal lining.

Previous studies have examined the link between hot beverages and cancer, including a 2018 China-based study published in Annals of Internal Medicine that found drinking hot tea, when combined with heavy alcohol and tobacco use, significantly increases the risk of esophageal cancer.

The World Health Organization, in 2016, said drinking coffee, tea and other beverages at temperatures hotter than 149 degrees Fahrenheit “probably causes cancer.” The research says there is no known health benefit from drinking very hot beverages and advises that people wait for their hot beverages to cool down reasonably before drinking.

Bill Gates is $9.5 billion richer than he was a year ago, worth over $100 billion, but not just from Microsoft (MSFT)

Bill Gates is $9.5 billion richer than he was a year ago, worth over $100 billion, but not just from Microsoft (MSFT)

Bill Gates is one of the world’s biggest philanthropists who has given away billions of dollars of his money.

And he just joined a two-man club of people worth more than $100 billion.
bill gates bill gates
Bill Gates is one of the world’s biggest philanthropists. He and his wife Melinda have given away a whopping $45.5 billion in their lifetimes through their foundation and other charities, according to the Chronicle of Philanthropy Plus, his Giving Pledge, an organization founded with his close friend Warren Buffett, he has vowed to give away the majority of his wealth to charity.

That’s why so many people think that Gates personal wealth is shrinking as he gives his money away.

But it isn’t. Gates is astoundingly rich and getting richer all the time.

He’s $9.5 billion richer now than he was one year ago with his personal wealth currently just cresting the $100 billion mark, according to the Bloomberg Billionaire index. It’s amazing to contemplate that the rounding number that 0.5 billion of the $9.5 billion is itself half a billion dollars and represents a larger net worth than even the most well-off families will ever be worth. And back in 2014, Gates was worth $76 billion. So he’s up $24 billion in the last five years.

That $100 billion net worth puts him in rarified air even for a billionaire. It’s an exclusive two-man club with that other super rich Seattle-area guy Jeff Bezos . Bezos is currently known as world’s richest man, worth about $146 billion.

Gates has, many times, been considered the No. 2 richest person before, someseven or so times out of the last 24 years.

But the truth is, we don’t really know how rich Gates is.

Many of his investments are done through his firm Cascade Investment run by a notoriously secretive money manager, Michael Larson. Those investments run the gamut from large stakes in public companies like Waste Management and Auto Nation, to real estate and other business interests.

On top of that, the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation also invests in some for-profit businesses, with those stakes controlled by either Bill or Melinda or both. For instance, their foundation bought nearly 800,000 shares of Liquidia Technologies, a biotech company developing personalized, engineered drugs, according to SEC filings. Liquidia is in the process of an IPO. Although, to be fair, such stakes are for the foundation and don’t really count toward Gate’s personal wealth.

On the other hand, most of his fortune no longer comes from Microsoft , even though his Microsoft stock is doing well under CEO Satya Nadella.

Over the last 15 years, Gates sold off most of his Microsoft stake. Back in 2004, he had 1.1 billion shares of Microsoft. Today, he keeps about 103 million shares, currently worth about $12 billion. He hasn’t been selling or acquiring more shares over the past couple of years, waiving both his cash salary and his share grants for his role as chairman.

But there are times when he winds up with a little more from Microsoft through his myriad business interests.

For instance, back in April, 2017, Microsoft acquired a company called Intentional Software, founded by a former long time distinguished Microsoft engineer Charles Simonyi, who worked on Excel and Word. Gates was an investor in Intentional, through one of his investment companies, and Microsoft paid him $60 million when it bought the company, it said.

So, while Gates spends his energy on charitable giving, his fortune is growing far faster than he can give it away.

Real Madrid eye €280m world record move for World Cup winner

Kylian Mbappe becomes €280m world record target for Real Madrid next summer

– Kylian Mbappe is the latest player on the wishlist of Spanish giants Real Madrid – Reports claim Los Blancos are willing to offer a €280m world record fee for Mbappe

– The 2018 World Cup winner has been a long term target for the Spanish giants Kylian Mbappe has become a prime target for Real Madrid as the Spanish giants are willing to offer PSG a €280million world record fee, reports in France claim

According to French media outlet France Football, Zinedine Zidane has singled out the 20-year-old forward as the player to reinforce his squad for next season.

France Football added that negotiations are expected to commence next week with the move expected to make headlines in the next few months.

The French coach was asked about the PSG striker and swerved the question. “You know I have a policy of only talking about my own players. I’m aware of these players (Mbappé and Neymar) and the quality the each possess but my focus is on this game and nothing more”. In a joint interaction with French journalists, Zidane was again asked about the World Cup sensation but he avoided going into details.

“It’s not the time to discuss this and I’m not here to make a shopping list of players, my objective is to finish the season well”. Mbappe was recently slammed with a hefty fine of €180,000 for showing up late to a Thomas Tuchel’s team. Weeks later, PSG were knocked out of the Champions League in the round of 16 by Manchester United as the English side overturned a two-go deficit in the first leg at Old Trafford.

Vitamin A

Vitamin A is a group of unsaturated nutritional organic compounds that includes retinol, retinal, retinoic acid, and several provitamin A carotenoids (most notably beta-carotene).

Vitamin A has multiple functions. it is important for growth and development, for the maintenance of the immune system and good vision.

Vitamin A is needed by the retina of the eye in the form of retinal, which combines with protein opsin to form rhodopsin, the light-absorbing molecule
necessary for both low-light (scotopic vision) and color vision.

Retinol, also known as Vitamin A1, is a vitamin found in food and used as a dietary supplement.

As a supplement it is used to treat and prevent vitamin A deficiency, especially that which results in xerophthalmia. In areas where deficiency is common, a single large dose is recommended to those at high risk a couple of times a year.

It is also used to prevent further issues in those who have measles. It is used by mouth or injection into a muscle.

Carotenoids also called tetraterpenoids, are organic pigments that are produced by plants and algae, as well as several bacteria and fungi.

Carotenoids give the characteristic color to carrots, corn, canaries, and daffodils, as well as egg yolks, rutabagas, buttercups, and bananas.

Carotenoids can be produced from fats and other basic organic metabolic building blocks by all these organisms.

There are over 1100 known carotenoids; they are split into two classes, xanthophylls (which contain oxygen) and carotenes (which are purely hydrocarbon is, and contain no oxygen).

All are derivatives of tetraterpenes, meaning that they are produce from 8 isoprene molecules and contain 40 carbon atoms.

Carotenoids that contain unsubstituted beta-ionone rings (including beta-carotene, alpha-carotene, beta-cryptoxanthin and gamma-carotene) have vitamin A activity (meaning that they can be converted to retinol), and these and other carotenoids can also act as antioxidants.

In the eye, lutein, meso-zeaxanthin, and zeaxanthin are present as macular pigments whose importance in visual function remains under clinical research in 2017.

All in one (The Smarter You)

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