Tag Archives: Programming

Top 10 Most Used Programming Language

Programming lovers and software engineers, welcome to the top 10 most used programming language, as years pass by more programming language become relevant than the other.

So here is a list of the most popularly used programming languages used 2019:

1. JavaScript

JavaScript often abbreviated as JS, is a high-level, just-in-time compiled, object-oriented programming language that conforms to the ECMAScript specification.

Alongside HTML and CSS, JavaScript is one of the core technologies of the World Wide Web. JavaScript enables interactive web pages and is an essential part of web applications.

The vast majority of websites use it, and major web browsers have a dedicated JavaScript engine to execute it.
JavaScript has curly-bracket syntax, dynamic typing, prototype-based object-orientation, and first-class functions.


2. Python

Since 2003, Python has consistently ranked in the top ten most popular programming languages in the TIOBE Programming Community Index where, as of December 2018, it is the third most popular language (behind Java, and C). It was selected Programming Language of the Year in 2007, 2010, and 2018. An empirical study found that scripting languages, such as Python, are more productive than conventional languages, such as C and Java, for programming problems involving string manipulation and search in a dictionary, and determined that memory consumption was often “better than Java and not much worse than C or C++”. Large organizations that use Python include Wikipedia, Google, Yahoo!, CERN, NASA, Facebook, Amazon, Instagram, Spotify and some smaller entities like ILM and ITA. The social news networking site Reddit is written entirely in Python.

3. Java

Java is a general-purpose programming language that is class-based, object-oriented, and designed to have as few implementation dependencies as possible. It is intended to let application developers write once, run anywhere (WORA), meaning that compiled Java code can run on all platforms that support Java without the need for recompilation. Java applications are typically compiled to bytecode that can run on any Java virtual machine (JVM) regardless of the underlying computer architecture. The syntax of Java is similar to C and C++, but it has fewer low-level facilities than either of them. As of 2019, Java was one of the most popular programming languages in use according to GitHub, particularly for client-server web applications, with a reported 9 million developers.


4. C

C is widely used for systems programming in implementing operating systems and embedded system applications, because C code, when written for portability, can be used for most purposes, yet when needed, system-specific code can be used to access specific hardware addresses and to perform type punning to match externally imposed interface requirements, with a low run-time demand on system resources.

C has also been widely used to implement end-user applications. However, such applications can also be written in newer, higher-level languages.

5. C++

C++ is a general-purpose programming language created by Bjarne Stroustrup as an extension of the C programming language, or “C with Classes”. The language has expanded significantly over time, and modern C++ has object-oriented, generic, and functional features in addition to facilities for low-level memory manipulation. It is almost always implemented as a compiled language, and many vendors provide C++ compilers, including the Free Software Foundation, LLVM, Microsoft, Intel, Oracle, and IBM, so it is available on many platforms.


6. PHP

PHP is a general-purpose programming language originally designed for web development. It was originally created by Rasmus Lerdorf in 1994; the PHP reference implementation is now produced by The PHP Group. PHP originally stood for Personal Home Page, but it now stands for the recursive initialism PHP: Hypertext Preprocessor.

As of January 2013, PHP was used in more than 240 million websites (39% of those sampled) and was installed on 2.1 million web servers. A command line interface, php-cli, and two ActiveX Windows Script Host scripting engines for PHP have been produced. As of 2019, PHP 5 is most used on the web; which was last updated with security updates in January 2019, with PHP 5.6.40.

7. C#

C# is a general-purpose, multi-paradigm programming language encompassing strong typing, lexically scoped, imperative, declarative, functional, generic, object-oriented (class-based), and component-oriented programming disciplines. It was developed around 2000 by Microsoft as part of its .NET initiative, and later approved as an international standard by Ecma (ECMA-334) and ISO (ISO/IEC 23270:2018).

8. Ruby

Ruby is an interpreted, high-level, general-purpose programming language. It was designed and developed in the mid-1990s by Yukihiro “Matz” Matsumoto in Japan.
Ruby is one of the most popular languages among tech startups. Many Silicon Valley unicorns have been built on Ruby, including Airbnb, Twitch, GitHub, and Twitter. Its popularity is bolstered (and perhaps dependent) on Ruby on Rails, a full-stack web application framework that runs Ruby.


9. Shell

This is the 9th programming language on this list, This programming language provides you with an interface to the Unix system, it is a program designed to run be run by a Unix shell.

10. Objective-c

Objective-C, the coding language used to build iOS apps for Apple’s App Store, has risen to become one of the most popular languages. Apple chose Objective-C back in the day because it was already the language of NeXTSTEP, the desktop operating system pioneered by Steve Jobs and NeXT.

10 Facts About Programming Languages Only Programmers Know

10 Facts About Programming Languages Only Programmers Know

Programming is an integral part of our IT landscape and we have often observed the shift in the popularity and choice of programming languages. While Java continues to be on top of the stack, Python soars in popularity. This information helps the developer community understand current trends and the language preferred by industry. In our recent study, we noted how Python continues to dominate the market: Python continues to be the tool of choice among data analysts and data scientists and this is reflected in the Indian hiring market as well with 17% jobs listing the language as a core capability.

In this article, we list down 10 interesting facts about programming languages that will help the developer community make more informed choices.

1.Python Is Ruling

According to the Python Developers Survey 2018 results, 84% of Python users use Python as their main language, on the other hand, 16% of the users use Python as their secondary language. The usage of Python as the main language is up 5 percentage points from 79% in 2017. One interesting fact is that half of all Python users also use JavaScript. Also, 71% of the respondents of the survey install Python from python.org or with OS-provided package managers like APT and Homebrew.

2.Diversity In Languages

There are a total of more than 690 notable programming languages including the current and the historical ones. If there be a country where the language used will be the programming languages, then it will be in the 3rd rank after Papua New Guinea and Indonesia. People often think, learning a programming language will be harder until they started to learn. It basically goes with the term “Practice makes a programmer Perfect.”

3.Python As Hobby

According to the survey, the language Python is mainly used for game development as a hobby, while the other development types such as machine learning, web development, data analysis and network programming are mainly performed as primary activities.

4.End Of Life For Python 2.7

The survey showed that there are 84% of Python 3 main interpreter users and only 16% for Python 2. Python 3 had an increase in users from 75% in 2017. As the use of Python 3 continues to grow rapidly, the use of Python 2 is declining as it is no longer actively developed, also does not get new features, and thus the end of life has been moved to 2020. However, the declaration does not guarantee that bugfix releases will be made on a regular basis, but it should enable volunteers who want to contribute bugfixes for Python 2.7 and it should satisfy vendors who still have to support Python 2 for years to come.

5.Programming And Coding Are Two Different Terms

Programmers working on the computer term coding and programming synonymously and use the terms interchangeably. Coding means simply writing codes from one language to another, while programming means to program a machine with a set of instructions. A coder is someone who translates logics into a language which a machine will understand, on the other hand, a programmer deals with much more than just writing codes.

6.Python In Professional Use

The survey shows that data analysis has become more popular than web development, growing from 50% in 2017 to 58% in 2018. Machine learning also grew by 7 percentage points. These types of development are experiencing faster growth than web development, which has only increased by 2 percentage points when compared to the previous year. In terms of Python users using Python as their secondary language, DevOps has overtaken web development.

7.PHP Is Not A Real Programming Language

PHP‘s creator Rasmus Lerdorf had no intention to create an entirely new programming language. He had created the language, or interface at the time only for the purpose of managing his personal website. While PHP is recognised today as a recursive backronym for PHP: Hypertext Preprocessor,” it was originally an acronym for “personal home page,” referring to its use on Lerdorf’s personal website. As the language evolved, so did its meaning.

8.The Hybrid Language
Scala or the Scalable Language is a hybrid of Object Oriented Programming (OOP) and Functional Programming so, besides having all the OOP features of Java, the language also includes features of functional programming languages like Standard ML, Haskell, etc. Scala has been used by the developers of Netflix, Pinterest, etc. and has become the prominent language for Big data processing.

9.Null And NaN
In the JavaScript language, the definition of Null is the total absence of meaningful value and it is counted as an object in the programming language. On the other hand, NaN or Not-a-Number is actually counted as a number but that does not mean it is equal to anything and in order to confirm that something is NaN, then it must be represented by the function isNaN().

10.TypeScript 3.4

TypeScript, the language that is built on JavaScript has lately shown notable growth.TypeScript 3.4 has been released shortly which has got some important features and updates. It has a faster subsequent build with the — incremental flag, higher order type inference from generic functions, new syntax for ReadonlyArray, etc.

SOURCE: Analytics India Mag